High Anti-Corruption Court
In June of 2018, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted the Law “On the High Anti-Corruption Court”. This Law determines the procedure for the establishment of the High Anti-Corruption Court (HACC).
The National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine (NABU) and the Specialized Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office (SAPO) were established after the Revolution of Dignity. Their mandate is to investigate and prosecute corruption-related offences committed by top public officials. During three and a half years of operation, the NABU and the SAPO have referred over 200 cases on corruption to the court that are currently under consideration by Ukrainian judges. A specialized High Anti-Corruption Court is expected to increase the efficiency of the criminal process for corruption cases and will become a final link of the anti-corruption reform in Ukraine.
Cases investigated by the NABU fall under the jurisdiction of the HACC. In particular, judges of this court will consider cases concerning the receipt of an improper advantage, abuse of official position, unlawful enrichment, false declaration, etc. There will be a Chamber of Appeals established within the Court that will consider appeals of the HACC. There will be 39 judges working in the Court: 27 judges will be considering cases of the first instance, while 12 judges will be included into the Chamber of Appeals.
The competition for positions of judges of the High Anti-Corruption Court and the Chamber of Appeals started on August 2, 2018. Judges with 5-year experience and attorneys, scientists, or candidates with the overall career history of 7 years can apply for the position. The competition is conducted by the High Qualification Commission of Judges of Ukraine.